During the last period of the German occupation of Norway between 1940-1945, the northernmost region was nearly destroyed due to scorched earth tactics (marked in red). The burning of Finnmark and North of Troms counties took place between autumn 1944 and May 1945. About 12,000 houses were burnt down
Schools, hospitals, shops, plants and churches were left in ruins. Fisheries infrastructure suffered dramatically from the destruction: 360 processing plants, 180 lighthouses, 551 quays, 350 larger vessels, and several thousands of small open boats were destroyed. The civilian population, consisting of about 50,000-60,000 people, was forced to evacuate their homes and become refugees within their country.
Credit: UiT The Arctic University of Norway